Facts and Figures about Cambodia

Contents

Amounts in $ are United States dollars.

Some of these statistics were compiled several years ago. Please note the dates given for sources.

Population

Cambodia's census conducted in 2008 recorded a population of 13,395,682 (6,516,054 males and 6,879,628 females).

The annual population growth rate declined from 2.49% in 1998 to 1.54% in 2008.

80.5% of Cambodians live in rural areas.

The average household size is 4.7 people.

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.


An estimated 48,775 children (almost 1% of the child population) live in residential care institutions in Cambodia. Almost 80% of children have a living parent. More than half are between 13 and 17 years of age.

Source

Stark L, Rubenstein BL, Pak K, et al National estimation of children in residential care institutions in Cambodia: a modelling study. BMJ Open 2017.


Using a narrower definition of 'residential care', 35,374 children and young people live in 639 centres, including 16,579 children under the age of 18 living in 406 orphanages.

Source

A report by the Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation cited by the Phnom Penh Post on 21 April 2017.

Contents

Poverty

2.2% of Cambodians live below the income poverty line of $1.90 (purchasing power parity) per day. 33.8% are in multidimensional poverty (household deprivation in education, health and living standards). 71.8% of employed people live on less than $3.10 (in purchasing power parity terms) a day.

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2016.

Contents

Economy

Cambodia's Gross National Income per capita is $3,095.

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2016.


In 2016, Cambodia exported $10,07 billion worth of goods and imported $12.37 worth.

Source

Value of Exports and Imports (USD) in 2016, Ministry of Commerce, 16 March 2017.


3.7% of Cambodians have bank accounts with a financial institution, while less than 1% of those with an account are actually using them to save money.

Source

The World Bank's Global Financial Development Report for 2014 cited in the The Cambodia Daily, 12 November 2013.


According to the Gallup World Poll, which surveyed at least 1,000 people in each of 148 countries in 2011, 19% of Cambodians had received a loan from a financial institution in the past year.

Source

The Cambodia Daily, 27 December 2012.


Cambodia's economy lost $15.086 billion to illicit financial outflows in the decade 2004 to 2013. The $4 billion lost in 2013 was equal to 26% of GDP.

Source

Illicit Financial Flows from Developing Countries: 2004-2013, Global Financial Integrity, December 2015.

Contents

Development

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite measure of achievements in three basic dimensions of human development—a long and healthy life, access to education and a decent standard of living. The HDI score for Cambodia is 0.563. The country with an HDI rank of 1 (Norway) is considered the most developed; the country with an HDI rank of 188 (Central African Republic) is considered the least developed. Cambodia's HDI rank is 143.

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2016.


26.4% of Cambodian households use electricity as their main source of light; 33.7% have a toilet facility within their premises; 47.0% have access to improved water sources (including piped water, tube/pipe well , protected dug well and rain water; 83.6% use firewood as their main type of fuel for cooking.

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.

Contents

Health

6.3 million Cambodians, or about 42% of the population, have no access to safe water. About 40% of primary schools and 35% of health centres do not have safe drinking water facilities.

Source

UNICEF, cited by Xinhua, 21 March 2014.


In 2012 there were 8 national hospitals, 82 referral hospitals, 1,029 health centres and 123 health posts in Cambodia

Source

Success Factors for Women's and Children's Health, Ministry of Health Cambodia, PMNCH, WHO, World Bank, AHPSR and participants in the Cambodia multistakeholder policy review (2014)


32% of children under 5 years old were stunted in 2014.

In the period 2010-2014, infant mortality was 28 per 1,000 live births and under-five mortality was 35 per 1,000 live births.

Source

Cambodia Demographic and Health Survey 2014, National Institute of Statistics, Directorate General for Health (2015)


Average life expectancy at birth for a Cambodian is 68.8 years

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2016.


In a survey conducted by the psychology department of the Royal University of Phnom Penh, 2.7% of respondents were found to exhibit the symptoms of post traumatic stress disorder, seven times higher than that found in the general population worldwide. Extrapolation of the survey results produced a rate of 42 suicides per 100,000 of the population compared to the World Health Organisation's average country ratio of 16 suicides per 100,000 people per year.

Source

Reported in a Cambodia Daily article, 7 December 2012.


In 2012, 42.1% of Cambodian men and 4% of Cambodian women were smoking on a daily basis. Smoking kills 9,000 Cambodian men every year.

Source

Smoking Prevalence and Cigarette Consumption in 187 Countries, 1980-2012, Journal of the American Medical Association, January 2014, cited by the Cambodia Daily, 8 January 2014.


Between 1979 and April 2015, 19,711 people were killed and 44,801 were injured by landmines and explosive remains of war. Of the latter, 8,968 people required amputation.

Source

Cambodia Mine/ERW Victim Information System Monthly Report for April 2015 (PDF).

Contents

Education

The adult literacy rate for Cambodian men is 85.1%; that for women is 70.9%

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.

Educational levels completed by literate persons aged 25 years and over are as follows:


No educational level: 3.2% Primary not completed: 47.2% Primary: 26.8% Lower Secondary: 18.8% Secondary/Diploma: 2.2% Beyond Secondary: 1.8%

The percentage of the population in each age group attending an educational institution are as follows:


<6 6 - 14 15 - 19 20 - 24 25+
28.91% 80.19% 51.83% 14.37% 1.20%

Source

General Population Census of Cambodia 2008 - Phnom Penh, National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning, 2009.


There are 4,407 kindergartens, 7,561 primary schools, 1,300 lower secondary schools, 608 high schools and 121 higher education institutions in Cambodia.

Source

Ministry of Education, Youth and Sport report released at the annual meeting on Education, Youth and Sport held on 21-23 March 2017, cited by Agence Kampuchea Presse.


A Cambodian child can expect to receive on average 10.9 years of schooling (11.7 years for a boy and 10.1 years for a girl).

Source

UNDP Human Development Report 2016.

Contents

Employment

320,734 people, of which 293,664 are women, are employed in 269 garment factories in Cambodia. In 2009, garment exports were valued at US$2,385 million.

Source

Ministry of Commerce, quoted by Xinhua news agency, 20 May 2010.


An estimated 755,250 children in Cambodia were engaged in economic activities in 2012. 236,498, or 31.3% of the total, were engaged in hazardous labour. 55% of child labourers had either dropped out of school or had never attended school; the remaining 45% were attending school.

Source

Cambodia Labour Force and Child Labour Survey Report 2012, cited by Global Post, 27 November 2013.


The prevalence of commercial sexual exploitation of children in Cambodia's largest cities (Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanoukville) fell from an estimated 15%-30% in the early 2000s to 8.16% in 2012 and 2.2% in 2015. Minors 15 years and younger made up 0.75% of the sex industry in these cities in 2012 and 0.1% in 2015.

Source

International Justice Mission, 8 June 2015.

Contents

Agriculture

Cambodia has approximately 1.9 million agricultural households comprising about 8.5 million people. Agricultural lands cover an area of 3.1 million hectares. The country has 2.7 million cattle, 1.5 million pigs, over 18,000 goats, and 33 million chickens and ducks.

Source

Agriculture census, cited by Xinhua, 20 August 2014.

Contents

Environment

Cambodia lost more than 7% of its forest cover between 2000 and 2012—the fifth fastest rate in the world.

Source

High-Resolution Global Maps of 21st-Century Forest Cover Change, published in Science, 15 November 2013, and cited in the The Cambodia Daily, 19 November 2013.

Contents

Tourism

In 2014 there were 4.5 million foreign tourist arrivals in Cambodia, a 7% increase over 2013.

Source

The Cambodia Daily, 27 January 2015.

Contents

Religion

There are an estimated 4,392 Theravada Buddhist pagodas and 105 Mahayana Buddhist temples in Cambodia

There are approximately 464,000 Muslims in Cambodia, 280 mosques and 374 small suravs (meeting places that have congregations of up to 40 persons and do not have a minbar from which Friday sermons are given).

Sources

International Religious Freedom Report 2010, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US Department of State.

Contents

The Christian Church

In 1990, when the Christian church in Cambodia was granted permission to operate by the government, there were ten Protestant churches in the country, all in Phnom Penh.

At a consultation held at the end of 2002, leaders of churches, denominations and mission agencies estimated that there were over 2,000 evangelical churches and over 100,000 evangelical Christians in Cambodia. The number of churches includes those awaiting registration by the Ministry of Religion and Cults.


The International Religious Freedom Report 2010, from the Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US Department of State, estimated that the Christian community constitutes approximately 2% of Cambodia's population. The report stated that Cambodia has 1,292 churches (1,224 Protestant and 68 Roman Catholic), of which about 1,000 are registered with the government. In adition, the report refers to 883 'offices of prayer' . The report explains: 'The government makes a legal distinction between churches and offices of prayer. Establishment of a church requires that the founders own the building and the land where the church is located. The facility must have a minimum capacity of 200 persons, and the permit application requires support of at least 100 congregants. By contrast, an office of prayer can be located on/in rented facilities/property, does not require a minimum capacity for the facility, and the permit application requires only 20 supporters.'

Source

International Religious Freedom Report 2010, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor, US Department of State.


About 75% of Cambodian churches are initiated and led by Cambodians and have no connection with mission organisations. The average age of church leaders is 38. 88% work to support themselves; 60% are farmers. 5% of church leaders have graduated from high school and 71% from primary school.

Source

Article in Go, the magazine of Interserve International, fourth quarter 2012. The same article suggests that there may have been between 5,000 and 7,500 Christian congregations in Cambodia in 2012 and that Christians make up 2-3% of the population.

Contents

Updates and Corrections

Please contact us if you can supply updates or corrections to these facts and figures.


Where to go next

Try these links:

footer space